Science

Overview: Science

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Systematically studying slippery surfaces

19/09/2017

Polymer brushes are polymers grown on surfaces, and are attractive for use in lubrication and anti-fouling applications. Kyushu University researchers varied the length of the chain separating negatively and positively charged functional groups in polymer brushes to investigate how chain length affected the interaction of the polymer brushes with water. They found that the ...
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“Lasers in Composites Symposium” in Aachen – from Science to Application

19/09/2017

Fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) are becoming more important for a wide variety of industries, e.g. automotive engineering. The need for efficient manufacturing and processing methods for these composites is increasing. The Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT ...
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Filtering molecules from the water or air with nanomembranes

18/09/2017

Free-standing carbon membranes that are a millionth of a millimetre thin: these are a special research field of Professor Dr. Armin Gölzhäuser from Bielefeld University and his research group. The nanomembranes can serve as ultrafine filters and as a protective layer. The Bielefeld physicists have registered several patents for manufacturing such molecular foils.
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New insights into nanocrystal growth in liquid

18/09/2017

Researchers have measured the forces that cause certain crystals to assemble, revealing competing factors that researchers might be able to control. The work has a variety of implications in both discovery and applied science. In addition to providing insights into the formation of minerals and semiconductor nanomaterials, it might ...
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New study on graphene-wrapped nanocrystals makes inroads toward next-gen fuel cells

15/09/2017

A new Berkeley Lab-led study provides insight into how an ultrathin coating can enhance the performance of graphene-wrapped nanocrystals for hydrogen storage applications.
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Discovery could reduce nuclear waste with improved method to chemically engineer molecules

15/09/2017

A new chemical principle discovered by scientists at Indiana University has the potential to revolutionize the creation of specially engineered molecules whose uses include the reduction of nuclear waste and the extraction of chemical pollutants from water and soil.
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Electricity production: When enzymes rival platinum

05/09/2017

Making a biocell that is as effective as a platinum fuel cell: that's the feat that researchers in the Laboratoire de Bioénergétique et Ingénierie des Protéines have achieved, in collaboration with the Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal and the Institut Universitaire des Systèmes Thermiques Industriels. Their work was published in Energy & Environmental Science on Aug. 17, 2017.
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Researchers develop dissolvable, easy-to-use milk capsules

05/09/2017

Have your coffee without spilling the milk: researchers at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg have developed a milk capsule that dissolves when placed in a hot drink. Not only does this reduce the consumption of packaging material, the capsules are easier to use than conventional plastic containers. The research group published its findings in the journal Chemical Engineering & Technology.
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Carbon conversion

05/09/2017

Chemists have figured out a new, more efficient way to create carbon-based fuels from carbon dioxide (CO2). In chemical reactions performed in the lab, a Caltech team has identified a new additive that helps selectively convert CO2 into fuels containing multiple carbon atoms – a step toward ultimately making renewable liquid fuels that are not derived from coal or oil.
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Silicon solves problems for next-generation battery technology

04/09/2017

Silicon – the second most abundant element in the earth's crust – shows great promise in Li-ion batteries, according to new research from the University of Eastern Finland. By replacing graphite anodes with silicon, it is possible to quadruple anode capacity.
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