Science

Someone once said: today’s technology is tomorrow’s bread and today’s science is tomorrow’s technology. With this in mind, taking a look at the bigger picture – at what the research & development community has to offer – can be inspiring and eye-opening, particularly where an industry like plastics and rubber is concerned in which technology has such high priority.

Overview: Science

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First quantum photonic circuit with electrically driven light source

27/09/2016

Optical quantum computers can revolutionize computer technology. A team of researchers led by scientists from Münster University and KIT now succeeded in putting a quantum optical experimental set-up onto a chip. In doing so, they have met one of the requirements for making it possible to use photonic circuits for optical quantum computers.
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Tuning materials and devices to adapt to their environment

27/09/2016

By leveraging molecular beam epitaxy deposition and high-quality materials with large dielectric constants, University of California, Santa Barbara researchers pursue future radio-frequency materials and devices capable of being 'tuned' to adapt to changing environments.
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NIST illuminates transfer of nanoscale motion through microscale machine

26/09/2016

For the first time, the NIST researchers have measured the transfer of motion through the contacting parts of a microelectromechanical system at nanometer and microradian scales.
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Chemists offer enhanced 3-D look inside batteries

23/09/2016

A team of chemists has developed a method to yield highly detailed, three-dimensional images of the insides of batteries. The technique, based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), offers an enhanced approach to monitor the condition of these power sources in real time.
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Researchers design solids that control heat with spinning superatoms

22/09/2016

Superatom crystals are periodic arrangements of C60 fullerenes and similarly sized inorganic molecular clusters. There are two nearly identical formations, one with rotating (i.e. orientationally disordered) C60s and low conductivity, and one with fixed C60s and high thermal conductivity. Superatom crystals represent a new class of materials with potential for applications in sustainable ...
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New perovskite research discoveries may lead to solar cell, LED advances

21/09/2016

'Promising' and 'remarkable' are two words US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory scientist Javier Vela uses to describe recent research results on organolead mixed-halide perovskites.
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New simulations of wind power generation

20/09/2016

ETH researcher Stefan Pfenninger and his colleague Iain Staffell from Imperial College London have developed new multi-decade simulations of wind power production in Europe. In doing so, they have uncovered significant distortions in the data used in the past, and have produced fresh simulations of wind power output with country-specific corrections.
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Rice University-led team morphs nanotubes into tougher carbon for spacecraft, satellites

19/09/2016

Rice University researchers turn nanotubes into nanodiamonds and other forms of carbon by smashing them into a target at hypervelocity. The results will help in the design of light, strong materials for aerospace applications.
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Clothing with a sensory cooling effect / Development of textiles with a sensory cooling effect

16/09/2016

As part of a research project, scientists at the Hohenstein Institute in Boennigheim have been developing and investigating a textile finish that provides a sensory cooling effect. This textile finish has a lasting mild cooling effect and it is especially useful for example, when treating sports injuries, or after insect bites or for other therapeutic purposes.
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Improving heating-based components with foam

15/09/2016

The energy efficiency of heat exchangers, convectors and cooling elements can be improved even further. Open-pore structures made of metal foam, which have good thermal conductivity and a large surface, offer interesting possibilities here. The BINE Projektinfo brochure entitled "Metal foam – a material for heat engineering" (11/2016) presents the development work for these materials. ...
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