Until now, most of the lactic acid that is used to produced Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) has come from first-generation feedstocks, such as industrial cane sugar, sugar beet, corn or cassava, more or less depending on where production was taking place. These are crops that are grown following principles of sustainable agriculture and have a high yield per hectare of land used. They are highly efficient feedstocks that are—and will most likely remain—a good choice for lactic acid and PLA production. However, the fact that they are all food crops has, from the very beginning, given rise to controversy and debate. Although studies from nova-Institute in Germany and European Bioplastics have convincingly demonstrated that the production of bioplastics does not compete with food production, the subject continues to be an emotional one.